Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies <p>Founded in 2003, the <em> Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies </em> (JCACS) is an open-access journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies (CACS).</p> <p>Fondée en 2003, la Revue de l'Association canadienne pour l'étude du curriculum (RACEC) est une publication d’accès libre de l'Association canadienne pour l'étude du curriculum (ACEC).</p> York University Libraries en-US Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies 1916-4467 <a rel="license" href=""> <img style="border-width:0" src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /> </a> <br />Copyright for work published in JCACS belongs to the authors. All <span>work</span> is licensed under a <a rel="license" href="">Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Canada License</a>. Understanding the School Curriculum: Theory, Politics and Principles <div> <p class="AbstractTextRsum">Alex Moore’s (2015) <em>Understanding the</em> <em>School Curriculum: Theory, Politics and Principles</em> explores how the school curriculum works through its <em>becoming</em> as it navigates reproductive paranoia and (r)evolutionary schizophrenia. Moore suggests that the school curriculum inevitably intersects with political and socio-economic interests as well as the globalization movement. In this light, the book stimulates the reader to ponder questions such as, “Who decides what kind of knowledge we should have in this wider, ever-changing world?” and “How have issues around knowledge developed with the school curriculum?” and “What sort of future could educators imagine for alternative knowledge, educational practice and society?” Such questions haunt the book, while promoting the educator and the learner to risk weaving a creative becoming and thereby moving the realm of knowledge from the boundary of instrumental rationality to the horizon of dynamics of humanity.</p> </div> Daeyoung Goh Copyright (c) 2021 Daeyoung Goh 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 129 136 10.25071/1916-4467.40551 Dear Dr. D’Amour: Relational Psychoanalysis at the Heart of Teaching and Learning <div> <p class="AbstractTextRsum"><span lang="EN-US">Dr. Lissa D’Amour brings together relational psychoanalysis and developmental theory to offer practitioners of education an opportunity to unify theories of learning into a cohesive “dialectic model of learning and of learning’s refusal” (D’Amour, 2020, p. 142), a unification sorely needed in mathematics education as educators in Alberta feud over ‘back-to-basics’. Dr. D’Amour’s (2020) book, entitled <em>Relational Psychoanalysis at the Heart of Teaching and Learning: How and Why It</em> <em>Matters,</em> attempts to kick-start conversations about the relationships present in classrooms and offers respite from, and an alternative perspective of, the educational behemoth I have become a part of, one that increasingly ignores us humans, the relationships we have and our affective attunement with all that is around us.</span></p> </div> Darcy James W. House Copyright (c) 2021 Darcy James W House 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 137 145 10.25071/1916-4467.40461 School Mathematics and miyō-pimōhtēwin <p>We want mathematics to be a process of <em>miy</em><em>ō</em><em>-pim</em><em>ō</em><em>ht</em><em>ē</em><em>win</em> (walking in a good way). Using a narrative inquiry methodology, we share our experiences working alongside two Cree elementary school teachers and the students in their mathematics classroom. The teachers taught principles that balance <em>kohtaw</em><em>ā</em><em>n </em>(our spiritual being) and make curriculum into a relational space. The principles invite school mathematics to be learned and taught in a way that foregrounds self-awareness, doing things properly, learning new ways, being thankful, being humble, leaving problems behind you, helping yourself and keeping trying. This paper also demonstrates a promising practice of <em>Indigenization</em> in the mathematics classroom by providing a contextual way in which Cree students and teachers engaged in school mathematics in relational ways.</p> Stavros Georgios Stavrou M. Shaun Murphy Copyright (c) 2021 Stavros Georgios Stavrou 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 22 33 10.25071/1916-4467.40669 Gifting a Healing Education Through Writing Life and Art: A Paris Studio Residency <p>We are two Canadian arts-based educational researchers who collaborated during a studio residency in Paris, France, during May 2015, for ten days. Our residency curriculum included study of feminist poet-thinker Hélène Cixous, taking walks in Paris locales, viewing women’s art, and engaging arts-based inquiry methods such as journaling, life writing and creative embodied practices, as a way to pay attention to and document our daily experiences. We practiced what we call <em>companion pedagogy,</em> with a feminist focus on mothering and gifting relations. We find that arts-based, restorative practices strengthen our wellbeing and resiliency as educators, and also support our desire for a more nurturing, mothering humanity to come forward for gifting a healing education. Healing education begs the question of how to address the resiliency of educators over time through what are increasingly challenging and depleting conditions of institutional cultures and economies. We thus offer creative practices such as studio residencies for collective care and gifting that can nurture a restorative pacing of life, while supporting the resiliency of educators to gift their energies towards creative curriculum visioning and enacting of social change.</p> Nané Jordan Barbara Bickel Copyright (c) 2021 Nane Jordan, Barbara Bickel 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 34 61 10.25071/1916-4467.40416 (Trans-Multi)Culturally Responsive Mathematics: (Re)Creating Spaces for Loving Kindness <p>In this paper, I relive my experiences of (un)learning, (re)learning and (re)searching mathematics in multiple cultural contexts. I begin by recounting the moments of dilemma that many students encounter in various cultural contexts, which inspired me to weave the threads of (trans-multi)culturally responsive mathematics. I share this story through the narratives, poems and digital postcards that I created in my auto-ethnographical life writing of engaging in (re)learning of and with(in) mathematics. Underlying these efforts and actions is the hope that sharing these may help in creating spaces for inviting (trans-multi)culturally responsive mathematics in contemporary diversity-rich classrooms. Informed by critical and transformational multicultural education perspectives and the insights of key curriculum scholars—Aoki, Pinar, Schwab, Leggo and Noddings—a (trans-multi)culturally responsive mathematics is a calling for teachers to acknowledge mathematics as a human endeavour. It is an initiation to invite student’s lived experiences and multiple ways of knowing in mathematics classrooms with relational caring and loving kindness. Aiming to educate diverse students in a socially-just manner, a (trans-multi)culturally responsive mathematics urges teachers to embrace wholistic teaching that not only focuses on the mind and body, but also strives for educating the heart and spirit. Thus, it is an ethical, intellectual, political and relational inquiry, which critically engages students with mathematics to discover what knowledge is most worth within and beyond the boundaries of classroom(s) and thereby empowers them to co-create mathematics that is living.</p> Latika Raisinghani Copyright (c) 2021 Latika Raisinghani 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 62 87 10.25071/1916-4467.40413 The (In)Efficient Curriculum: An Overview of How Canadian Education Has Historically Failed to Welcome Black Refugee Students <p>For at least a century, educators have sought to define what education should look like, its purposes, content and approach, and how it could be delivered in the most efficient way. However, when looking at some of the most pre-eminent approaches in the history of curriculum studies, it is possible to observe how each of those “efficient” methods have not been able to welcome the uniqueness of Black refugee students. Despite claims of “diversity celebration”, when educators do not challenge and resist White structures and assumptions, even the most “efficient” curriculum falls short of being responsive to the Other, serving, rather, as another disguise to racism, which has long structured Canadian education. I argue that rather than an efficient ready-made set of rules, education must be conceptualized as an act of unconditional openness to the unknown Other, however uncomfortable and “inefficient” that may sound.</p> Rebeca Heringer Copyright (c) 2021 Rebeca Heringer 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 88 102 10.25071/1916-4467.40447 Considering Indigenous Environmental Issues in Canadian Curricula: A Critical Discourse Analysis <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article presents insights from a curricular review of Canada’s ten provinces and three territories with a focus on critical Indigenous environmental issues. This inquiry was conducted amidst nationally prominent events and socio-ecological movements such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Idle No More and numerous oil and gas pipeline protests. We share findings revealed through this review informed by Eisner’s (2002) three curricula—the explicit, implicit and null—and a qualitative critical discourse analysis methodology.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Gregory Lowan-Trudeau Teresa Fowler Copyright (c) 2021 Gregory Lowan-Trudeau, Teresa Fowler 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 103 128 10.25071/1916-4467.40438 Coming up for Air: On Reading in a Global Pandemic The thought of breath grips the world as climate change, racial injustice and a global pandemic converge to suck oxygen, the lifeforce, out of the earth. The visibility of breath, its critical significance to existence, I argue, is made evident by poets. To speak of breath is to lodge ourselves between birth and death and requires sustained, meditative, attentive study to an everyday yet taken for granted practice. Like breathing, reading is also a practice that many took for granted until the pandemic. My paper will engage the affective and/or poetic dimensions of reading left out of theories of literacy that render it instrumental and divorced from the life of the reader (Freire, 1978). I will suggest that scholars of literacy, in every language, begin to engage a poetics of literacy as attending to the existential significance of language in carrying our personhood and lives. I will also argue that our diminishing capacities to read imaginatively and creatively have led to the rise of populist ideologies that infect public discourse and an increasingly anti-intellectual and depressed social sphere. Despite this decline in the practice and teaching of reading, it is reported that more than any other activity, reading sustained the lives of individuals and communities’ during a global pandemic. Teachers and scholars might take advantage of the renewed interested in reading to redeliver poetry and literary language to the public sphere to teach affective reading. Poetry harkens back to ancient practices of reading inherent in all traditions of reading. It enacts a pedagogy of breath, I argue, one that observes its significance in our capacity to exist through the exchange of air in words, an exchange of vital textual meanings we have taken for granted as we continue to infect our social and political world and earth with social hatred, toxins, and death. In this paper I engage fragments of poetry by poets of our time (last century onward) that teaches us to breathe and relearn the divine and primal stance that reading poetry attends to and demands. More than any other form, “poetry,” Ada Limon claims, “has breath built into it”. As such, reading poetry helps us to breathe when the world bears down and makes it hard for us to come up for air. Aparna Tarc Copyright (c) 2021 Aparna Tarc 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 16 21 10.25071/1916-4467.40736 Falling Towers: A Letter to my Child’s Teacher <p>Using the epistolary genre, this editorial is embedded in a fictional letter written to a teacher. The discussion is spurred by a teacher writing a mark in bold felt pen directly on a student’s drawing of the Eiffel Tower. This reflexive inquiry laments the deep wounding of the joy of learning by metrics, measurements and efficiency, while registering the imperative to change this path. Using the metaphor of the “tower” to theorize current damaging curricular practices, this editorial questions how, amidst the uncontrol and fear in a global pandemic, the challenging truths of unmarked graves, devastating climate disasters, global food insecurity, among other sufferings, teachers can imagine hope-inspired, healing-centred pedagogies and ”assertive mutuality . . . [through] co-action, interconnection . . . [and] the capacity to act and implement as opposed to the ability to control others” (Kreisberg, 1992, p. 86). The task of recognizing, naming and dismantling towers—in essence, leaving one’s home, and building new relational frames, while the world is falling—requires extraordinary hope, as shown in the articles in this issue.</p> Pauline Sameshima Copyright (c) 2021 Pauline Sameshima 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 1 10 10.25071/1916-4467.40767 Stacking Trees <p>Artwork and exegesis, provided by the artist.</p> Holly Tsun Haggarty Copyright (c) 2021 Holly Tsun Haggarty 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 19 1 11 15 10.25071/1916-4467.40769